About North Caldwell
Since the beginning, North Caldwell has served as an example of the charm and simple pleasures of suburban life. The Borough of North Caldwell was known for a healthy climate and was called the “Denver of the East” as it attracted many people during the summer.
North Caldwell was part of the Horseneck Tract, which was an area that consisted of what are now the municipalities of Caldwell, West Caldwell, North Caldwell, Fairfield, Verona, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Roseland, and parts of Livingston and West Orange. In 1701, the tract was purchased from the Lenape Native Americans for goods equal to about $325. The explanation for the naming “Horse Neck” lies in the language of its first Dutch settlers, contrary to the belief (that has been inaccurately reported) of its irregular shape.
The Borough of North Caldwell was incorporated in 1898 and has been a “jewel” of Essex County with beautiful homes on its hilly, wooded roads. Other than moderate commercial activity on the northern and southern ends of town, the Borough’s land use is dominated by single family homes and just two townhouse locations.
The borough housed the Essex County Penitentiary, constructed in 1872 and used as the Essex County Jail Annex until 2004. It was sold to K. Hovnanian Companies in 2002, which redeveloped the site into a residential community.
North Caldwell is a borough in located in the northern western portion of Essex County, and what some would consider a suburb of New York City. North Caldwell was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature in 1898 by acquiring areas of Caldwell Township (now known as Fairfield Township). The borough gets its name from Presbyterian minister James Caldwell.
*New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked North Caldwell as its 10th best place to live in its 2010 rankings of the “Best Places To Live” in New Jersey, as well as the 3rd best place to live in its 2013 ranking.
*In 2017, a Bloomberg analysis ranked North Caldwell the 34th richest town in the United States.
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